Before the arrival of the British colonists, the Kabaka of Buganda had chosen the zone that would become Kampala as a hunting reserve. The area, composed of rolling hills with grassy wetlands in the valleys, was home to several species of antelope, particularly impala. When the British arrived, they called it "Hills of the Impala". The language of the Buganda, Luganda, adopted many English words because of their interactions with the British. The Buganda translated "Hill of the Impala" as Akasozi ke'Empala - "Kasozi" meaning "hill", "ke" meaning "of", and "empala" the plural of "impala". In Luganda, the words "ka'mpala" means "that is of the impala", in reference to a hill, and the single word "Kampala" was adopted as the name for the city that grew out of the Kabaka's hills.
Lawapa or Lavapa (Wylie: la ba pa; grub chen la ba pa; wa ba pa) was a figure in Tibetan Buddhism who flourished in the 10th century. He was also known as Kambala and Kambalapada (Sanskrit: Kaṃbalapāda). Lawapa, was a mahasiddha, or accomplished yogi, who travelled to Tsari. Lawapa was a progenitor of the Dream Yogasādhanā and it was from Lawapa that the mahasiddha Tilopa received the Dream Yoga practice lineage.
Simmer-Brown (2001: p.57) when conveying the ambiguity of ḍākinīs in their "worldly" and "wisdom" guises conveys a detailed narrative that provides the origin of Lawapa's name:
Nomenclature, orthography and etymology
Alternate English orthographies are Lwabapa, Lawapa and Lvapa.
An alternate English nomenclature for Lawapa is Kambala.
The Hevajra Tantra, a yoginītantra of the anuttarayogatantra class, is held to have originated between the late eighth century C.E. (Snellgrove), and the "late ninth or early tenth century" (Davidson), in Eastern India, possibly Bengal. Tāranātha lists Saroruha and Kampala (also known as "Lva-va-pā, "Kambhalī", and "Śrī-prabhada") as its "bringers":
According to the provisional results of the 2014 national census, the district had a population of 1,516,210. The Uganda Bureau of Statistics estimated that the population had grown at a rate of 2.02% since the last national census in 2002.
Kampala District is divided into five administrative divisions:
Each administrative division is independently administered by locally elected officials who report to the City Council Administration headed by an elected Lord Mayor. The mayor of Kampala is Al Hajj Erias Lukwago.